The link between the gut microbiota, also known as the second brain, and mental health has long been studied. The idea of substances produced by the symbiotic microorganisms in the … Continue Reading Gut microbiome linked to mental health.
All of our thoughts, bodily functions, memories, and senses are controlled by the central nervous system (CNS), consisting of the brain and spinal cord. Inside the CNS it is the … Continue Reading Textbooks redefined as microglia seen entering the Peripheral Nervous System.
Widely hailed as a breakthrough in cancer therapy, immunotherapies release the brakes of the body’s immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack, however, these treatments don’t work for every … Continue Reading Gut microbiome directs immune system to fight cancer.
The human heart has four valves, thin membranes known to open and close to control blood flow through the heart and the rest of the body. When the valves do … Continue Reading New type of immune cell discovered is crucial for heart valve formation.
Although bones are hard ossified organs, they have a dense network of blood vessels inside them where bone marrow is located. as well as on their outer surface covered by … Continue Reading Discovery of previously unknown blood vessel system in bones.
The gut is colonized by diverse microorganisms forming a microbial community known as the gut microbiota. Research suggests the gut microbiota immunomodulatory effect influences pathologic conditions centered in the gut, … Continue Reading Antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiome dysregulates skeletal health.
There has been a conspicuous increase in life-threatening food allergies in societies adopting or hosting Western-based culture. One hypothesis to explain this rising morbidity in a highly specific demographic is … Continue Reading Gut microbes from healthy infants block milk allergy development in mice.
The immune system connects the gut microbiome to aging. Thoughts health innovators?
When a person is exposed to an infection, they are often protected from getting the same infection again by immune memory, the part of the immune system capable of remembering … Continue Reading New part of the immune system identified, expected to evolve vaccination.
An artificial cell is a bioengineered particle mimicking a naturally occurring biological cell. The hypothesis involves synthetic entities biomimicking some of the properties of natural cells, such as surface characteristics, … Continue Reading New artificial cells successfully minimized to target and kill specific bacteria.
The unique properties of naturally occurring immune cells in the human body have inspired many efforts to synthetically engineer a unit capable of mimicking their behaviors. Now, a study from … Continue Reading Researchers develop synthetic T cells, that function like the human version.
Viruses have evolved to be highly effective vehicles for delivering genes into cells, with these vectors becoming critical in delivering genes to treat disease or label neurons. As viral vectors … Continue Reading Novel viral vectors deliver useful cargo to neurons throughout the brain and body.
Sepsis is the overreaction of the body’s immune system to infection capable of causing tissue damage, organ failure, and death. Sepsis-causing bacteria secrete toxic molecules known as endotoxins which trigger immune … Continue Reading Engineered macrophage nanosponges could keep sepsis in check.
Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity, and while some research supports a relationship between prenatal sound exposure and improved … Continue Reading Researchers identify first responders to sound in the brain.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
There are two classifications of cells in the human body, namely, germ cells that are used to make sperm and eggs, and somatic cells making up every other cell in … Continue Reading New lung cell type identified.