Extremely common, and highly contagious upon unprotected contact, chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) infecting humans and animals, and even amoeba. Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial STI … Continue Reading A new species of Chlamydia discovered that doesn't need a host.
The enigmatic giant virus is a recently discovered subclass of extremely large viruses infecting eukaryotic organisms. These viruses are characterized by the large size of their virions and contain many … Continue Reading Researchers discover new virus with no recognizable genes.
Due to the current novel coronavirus (nCoV) pandemic, researchers are vigorously rushing to investigate this and other diseases transmitted by animals to humans in an international bid to produce a … Continue Reading Synthetic decoy molecule neutralizes a range of animal-to-human viruses.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Infectious diseases continue to affect and kill a multitude of people worldwide, with vaccination seen as the most powerful weapon against this threat. Vaccines are prepared from weakened forms of … Continue Reading Synthetic vaccine can be stored at warmer temperatures.
The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease designated a global public health concern, with more than two billion people at risk. For most people Zika manifests as a mild infection, … Continue Reading Synthetic antibody protects mice and monkeys from Zika.
Viruses have evolved to be highly effective vehicles for delivering genes into cells, with these vectors becoming critical in delivering genes to treat disease or label neurons. As viral vectors … Continue Reading Novel viral vectors deliver useful cargo to neurons throughout the brain and body.
The neuronal gene Arc is essential for long-lasting information storage in the brain, mediating various forms of synaptic plasticity and is implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. However, little is known about … Continue Reading Previously unknown method of neurotransmission identified.
Biofilms are where bacteria join together on a surface and start to form a protective matrix around their group, examples include dental plaque, a slimy biofilm of bacteria forming on … Continue Reading Magnetized bacteriophages successfully punch through biofilms to reach targets.
Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to Dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever viruses. Zika virus causes mild disease in most adults and can cause brain … Continue Reading Evidence of Zika virus found in tears, may persist in eyes.
The WHO recommends complete withdrawal of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) by April 2016 globally and replacing with at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). However, high-cost, limited … Continue Reading Researchers develop plant-based Polio booster vaccine.
The mosquito Aedes aegypti, typically linked with dengue fever and chikungunya transmission, is also associated with the spread of Zika virus. In the absence of a vaccine, current effective control … Continue Reading Inheritable bacteria controls Aedes mosquitoes’ ability to transmit Zika.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus which causes HIV infection and over time AIDS. Developing effective prevention measures for HIV is hindered by incomplete knowledge of the phenotype … Continue Reading New technology lights up location of first cells to be infected in female HIV transmission.
Zika virus, an emerging flavivirus, generally causes mild infection in adult humans but is associated with severe neurologic complications and adverse fetal outcomes. Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily … Continue Reading Study confirms that the Zika virus can be transmitted sexually.
Nanovaccine successfully protects against primary and secondary female genital herpes infections in animals.
Herpes simplex virus-2, which causes serious eye infections in newborns and immunocompromised patients as well as genital herpes, is one of the most common human viruses. According to the Centers … Continue Reading Nanovaccine successfully protects against primary and secondary female genital herpes infections in animals.
Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.
HIV has been hard to beat as the virus mutates rapidly and has a sturdy set of defenses, including a ‘shield’ of glycan molecules on the surface of its envelope … Continue Reading Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.