Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers. Giving up smoking has huge benefits … Continue Reading Brain circuit that supports smoking cessation identified.
Understanding the integrative role of the central nervous system in the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases is of great importance. It has been hypothesized that flexibility of food reward–related … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that response to food cues differ in severely obese women.
Performance of cognitive tasks requires reallocation of resources within and among cortical networks. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern such network dynamics is a longstanding goal of cognitive neuroscience. A … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps interaction between neural networks during working memory.
Neuropathic pain is deﬁned as pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system. Chronic neuropathic leg pain is the most common form of neuropathic … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that spinal cord stimulation reduces emotional aspect of chronic pain.
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is defined as a failure to control one’s impulses to excessively use online gaming. IGD results in serious negative outcomes, such as decreased physical and mental … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies brain differences in compulsive video game players.
Currently, more than 6 million children in the United States, or 11% of all children aged 4 to 17, have received attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. The disorder is characterized … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows interactions in attention-based brain networks weaker in children with ADHD.
Obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although obesity can stem from behavioural factors such as diet and physical inactivity, central nervous system changes can … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps areas of the brain in obese children activated by food odours.
Human multitasking is the apparent performance by an individual of handling more than one task, or activity, at the same time. Studies have shown that some people can be trained … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study maps the neural basis of multitasking.
Humans are unique among social creatures in their willingness to bear personal costs to punish those who have harmed others. Despite the centrality of such third-party punishment decisions to modern … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies uniquely human brain region responsible for judgment.
In their everyday life, people are constantly confronted with decision conflicts, especially if they need to suppress an action that would have made sense under normal circumstances. For example, when … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that the human hippocampus is involved in quick and successful decisions.
Researchers at Columbia University and Washington University have found that key parts of the human brain network that give a person the power to control and redirect their attention, a … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown human-specific attention network in the brain.
A team of researchers from the University of Maryland have developed a new imaging technique that can identify the specific changes in neural communication as a result of mild traumatic brain … Continue Reading New imaging technique pinpoints changes in brain connectivity following mTBI.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map sensory over-responsivity in autistic children and adolescents.
Certain vision-impaired individuals have the ability to use echoes from tongue or finger clicks to recognize objects in the distance, and some use echolocation as a replacement for vision. Research from … Continue Reading Study shows that human vision-impaired ‘echolocators’ can substitute echolocation for vision.
The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted and often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new study … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study finds functional differences in brain communication in cocaine users.
New ‘whole-brain’ imaging technique isolates autistic and non-autistic brain differences for first time.
The functional differences between autistic and non-autistic brains have been isolated for the first time, following the development of a new methodology for analysing MRI scans. Developed by researchers at … Continue Reading New ‘whole-brain’ imaging technique isolates autistic and non-autistic brain differences for first time.