Performance of cognitive tasks requires reallocation of resources within and among cortical networks. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern such network dynamics is a longstanding goal of cognitive neuroscience. A … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps interaction between neural networks during working memory.
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is defined as a failure to control one’s impulses to excessively use online gaming. IGD results in serious negative outcomes, such as decreased physical and mental … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies brain differences in compulsive video game players.
Currently, more than 6 million children in the United States, or 11% of all children aged 4 to 17, have received attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. The disorder is characterized … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows interactions in attention-based brain networks weaker in children with ADHD.
Obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although obesity can stem from behavioural factors such as diet and physical inactivity, central nervous system changes can … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps areas of the brain in obese children activated by food odours.
In their everyday life, people are constantly confronted with decision conflicts, especially if they need to suppress an action that would have made sense under normal circumstances. For example, when … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that the human hippocampus is involved in quick and successful decisions.
Researchers at Columbia University and Washington University have found that key parts of the human brain network that give a person the power to control and redirect their attention, a … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown human-specific attention network in the brain.
A new study from researchers at Stanford University found that synchronized physiological interactions between remote regional brain neuron networks have genetic underpinnings. The research was performed at Stanford but was … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the neurogenetics of neural network theory.
A team of researchers from the University of Maryland have developed a new imaging technique that can identify the specific changes in neural communication as a result of mild traumatic brain … Continue Reading New imaging technique pinpoints changes in brain connectivity following mTBI.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map sensory over-responsivity in autistic children and adolescents.
Certain vision-impaired individuals have the ability to use echoes from tongue or finger clicks to recognize objects in the distance, and some use echolocation as a replacement for vision. Research from … Continue Reading Study shows that human vision-impaired ‘echolocators’ can substitute echolocation for vision.
The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted and often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new study … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study finds functional differences in brain communication in cocaine users.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can produce strikingly different clinical outcomes in young children, with some having strong conversation abilities and others not talking at all. Now a study from researchers … Continue Reading Researchers identify biomarker for language outcomes in infants with autism spectrum disorder.
In early childhood, the neurons inside children’s developing brains form connections between various regions of brain. Researchers at San Diego State University found that in children and adolescents with autism … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study maps connections between the entire cerebral cortex and cerebellum in Autism.
A new study by researchers from Wayne State University, University of Toronto and University of Michigan demonstrates that communication between some of the brain’s most important centres is altered in … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study of brain networks maps differences in children with OCD.
New ‘whole-brain’ imaging technique isolates autistic and non-autistic brain differences for first time.
The functional differences between autistic and non-autistic brains have been isolated for the first time, following the development of a new methodology for analysing MRI scans. Developed by researchers at … Continue Reading New ‘whole-brain’ imaging technique isolates autistic and non-autistic brain differences for first time.
In a new study, researchers at the University of Cambridge and The Medical Research Council have demonstrated that previously reported changes in the aging brain using functional magnetic resonance imaging … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study shows changes in the aging human brain due to vascular rather neuronal changes.