Genetically-coded brain circuits can switch feeding and drinking behaviours on and off in mice.
The autonomic nervous system, made up of sympathetic and parasympathetic branches, is known to regulate blood glucose levels by directly controlling insulin secretion by the pancreas. Insulin secretion and blood … Continue Reading Hormone inhibits neuronal connections between the brain and pancreas in neurodevelopment.
The molecular intricacies of hunger and satiety, pivotal for understanding metabolic disorders and the problem of obesity, are not yet fully understood by scientists. How much a person eats and … Continue Reading Protein responsible for regulating feeding behaviour in the brain identified.
The immune system exercises constant vigilance to protect the body from external threats, including what the person eats and drinks. A careful balancing act plays out as digested food travels … Continue Reading Study finds neurons in gut regulate the immune system to control inflammation.
Homeostasis is the property of a system in which variables are regulated so that internal conditions remain stable and relatively constant. The human body manages a multitude of highly complex … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies previously unknown circuitry in brain homeostasis.
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is defined as a failure to control one’s impulses to excessively use online gaming. IGD results in serious negative outcomes, such as decreased physical and mental … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies brain differences in compulsive video game players.
Currently, more than 6 million children in the United States, or 11% of all children aged 4 to 17, have received attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. The disorder is characterized … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows interactions in attention-based brain networks weaker in children with ADHD.
Obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although obesity can stem from behavioural factors such as diet and physical inactivity, central nervous system changes can … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps areas of the brain in obese children activated by food odours.
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute, VU University Amsterdam and Max Planck Florida Institute state that they have succeeded in reconstructing the neuronal networks that interconnect the elementary units of … Continue Reading New 3d neuronal labeling technique provides most comprehensive study of cortical circuitry to date.
The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted and often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new study … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study finds functional differences in brain communication in cocaine users.
About one in five people experience tinnitus, the perception of a sound, often described as ringing, that isn’t really there. Now, an opensource study in the journal Current Biology, has … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map and record tinnitus in the brain.
People with a severe form of schizophrenia have major differences in their brain networks compared to others with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and healthy individuals, a new study from the Centre … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study begins to map alterations in human brain connections for severe schizophrenia.
A team of scientists from New York University, Stanford University and The Palo Alto Medical Foundation have developed a method for identifying clusters of neurons that work in concert to guide … Continue Reading Researchers develop method for mapping neuron clusters and their function.
Neuroscientists believe that the connectome, a map of each and every connection between the millions of neurons in the brain, will provide a blueprint that will allow them to link … Continue Reading Researchers identify gated-intermediary neuron system which acts as synaptic cloaking device.