HIV, is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If left untreated, HIV can progress and develop into AIDS. HIV infection is enhanced by adhesive structures that form between … Continue Reading First-ever study captures HIV cell-to-cell transmission in a living animal.
A fundamental question in human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) research is why the immune system is unable to contain the virus. Unlocking this key would provide a significant advance in … Continue Reading New study explains why HIV is not cleared by the immune system.
It is known that HIV, the causative agent of AIDS, is severely species restricted, and, to date, only humans and chimpanzees have been shown to be susceptible to infection. Human … Continue Reading First-ever study proves HIV targets & replicates in human macrophages.
How HIV-1 overcomes the person’s defenses and infects their cells has been studied intensively for over 30 years. While much has been learned, there remain events in the viral life … Continue Reading Researchers reveal and image new phase of HIV infection for the first time.
A young woman now aged 18 and a half, who at birth was HIV-infected via mother-to-child transmission (during pregnancy or at delivery), is in virological remission, despite not having taken … Continue Reading World’s first case of long-term remission (12 years) in an HIV-infected child to be presented.
Despite symptom-stifling anti-retroviral drugs, as many as half of all patients living with HIV experience neurological damage tied to chronic inflammation in the brain fueled by the body’s own immune … Continue Reading Study discovers the role of microglia in HIV-related neurological damage.
Engaging in unprotected sex with multiple partners increases the risk of contracting multiple strains of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Once inside a host, these strains can recombine into … Continue Reading A previously unclassified aggressive form of HIV discovered in Cuba.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University have discovered that byproducts of bacteria in gum disease, called metabolic small chain fatty acid (SCFA), can work together to wake up HIV in … Continue Reading Researchers identify how gum disease awakens dormant T-cells and HIV viruses.
Retroviruses are best known for causing contagious scourges such as AIDS, or more sporadically, cancer. However, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and Karolinska Institutet found that endogenous retroviruses (ERV) … Continue Reading Scientists identify new and beneficial function of endogenous retroviruses in immune response.
The rapid evolution of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which has allowed the virus to develop resistance to patients’ natural immunity, is at the same time slowing the virus’s ability … Continue Reading Research suggests ability of HIV to cause AIDS is slowing.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can insert itself at different locations in the DNA of its human host, and this specific integration site determines how quickly the disease progresses, report … Continue Reading HIV virulence depends on where virus inserts itself in human host DNA.
An international team, led by Oxford University and University of Leuven scientists, has reconstructed the genetic history of the HIV-1 group M pandemic, the event that saw HIV spread across … Continue Reading Scientists have tracked and identified the origins of HIV.
A family of proteins that promotes virus entry into cells also has the ability to block the release of HIV and other viruses, University of Missouri researchers have found. This … Continue Reading Researchers discover protein’s ability to inhibit HIV release.