DNA methylation is essential for the proper control of gene expression and cell identity, what enables cells with the same genetic material to become, for example, a nerve cell, a … Continue Reading Single-cell imaging developed which can record DNA methylation in real time.
A new 4,000 person study from the Washington University School of Medicine shows that schizophrenia isn’t a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its … Continue Reading Schizophrenia not a single disease but multiple genetically distinct disorders.
RNA is one of the most primitive molecules associated with life that has awakened most interest over the last decade; a sister molecule to cellular DNA from which it originates … Continue Reading CNIO experts discover the genomic origin of telomere protectors.
A newborn screening test for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) reliably identifies infants with this life-threatening inherited condition, leading to prompt treatment and high survival rates, according to a study supported … Continue Reading Test reliably detects inherited immune deficiency in newborns.
Scientists from the Northwestern University have identified a biomarker strongly associated with basal-like breast cancer, a highly aggressive carcinoma that is resistant to many types of chemotherapy. The biomarker, a … Continue Reading Biomarker in an aggressive breast cancer is identified.
Scientists from the University of Leeds have discovered a gene that plays a vital role in blood vessel formation, research which adds to the medical community’s knowledge of how early … Continue Reading Scientists unlock key to blood vessel formation.
Physicians at Johns Hopkins have developed blood and saliva tests that help accurately predict recurrences of HPV-linked oral cancers in a substantial number of patients. The tests screen for DNA … Continue Reading Blood and saliva tests predict return of HPV-linked oral cancers.
While developing a new cancer drug, researchers at The Wistar Institute discovered that mice lacking a specific protein live longer lives with fewer age-related illnesses. The mice, which lack the … Continue Reading ‘Rewired’ mice show signs of longer lives with fewer age-related illnesses.
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple … Continue Reading A blood test for suicide?
Millions of people in the United States have a circulatory problem of the legs called peripheral vascular disease. It can be painful and may even require surgery in serious cases. … Continue Reading Scientists discover genetic switch that can prevent peripheral vascular disease in mice.
Research conducted at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has discovered links between a set of genes known to promote tumour growth and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, an oral cancer that affects the … Continue Reading Scripps Florida scientists find genetic mutations linked to salivary gland tumours.
Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists have identified more than two dozen genetic risk factors involved in Parkinson’s disease, including six that had not been previously reported. Unravelling the … Continue Reading NIH scientists find 6 new genetic risk factors for Parkinson’s.
Autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability often occur together and may even share similar genetic causes. Researchers reporting in Cell Reports have now linked mutations in a particular gene to … Continue Reading Mutated gene linked to both autism and intellectual disability.
Children who have been abused or neglected early in life are at risk for developing both emotional and physical health problems. In a new study, scientists have found that maltreatment … Continue Reading Stress tied to change in children’s gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health.
A new study in East Asian women has identified three genetic changes linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. The research was led by Vanderbilt University. While breast cancer … Continue Reading Vanderbilt-led study identifies genes linked to breast cancer in East Asian women.
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviours, and other behaviours on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits. It is the most … Continue Reading Study links autistic behaviours to enzyme.